Ascend Customer Service

About This Guide

How to use this guide
What you should know
Documentation conventions
Manual set
Related publications

Chapter 1 Getting Acquainted with the MAX

Using the MAX as an ISP or telecommuting hub
Using the MAX as an ISP hub
Using the MAX as a telecommuting hub
Overview of MAX configuration
Creating a network diagram
Configuring lines, slots, and ports for WAN access
Configuring WAN connections and security
Concentrating Frame Relay connections
Enabling X.25 terminal connections
Configuring routing and bridging across the WAN
Enabling protocol-independent packet bridging
Using IPX routing (NetWare 3.11 or newer)
IP routing
Configuring Internet services
OSPF routing
Virtual private networks
Overview of management features
Using the terminal server command line
Using status windows to track WAN or Ethernet activity
Managing the MAX using SNMP
Using remote management to configure far-end Ascend units
Flash RAM and software updates
Call Detail Reporting (CDR)
Where to go next

Chapter 2 Configuring the MAX for WAN Access

Introduction to WAN configuration
How the vt100 menus relate to slots and ports
Phone number assignments
Add-on numbers
Hunt groups
SPIDS (for Net BRI lines)
How the MAX routes inbound and outbound calls
Configuring T1 lines
Understanding the line interface parameters
T1 signaling mode
Assigning an interface ID to NFAS lines
Inband, robbed-bit call control mechanism
Carrier switch type
T1 line framing and encoding
Channel Service Units (CSU)
FDL for monitoring line quality
Cable length and the amount of attenuation required
Clock source for synchronous transmission
Supporting a PBX
Call-by-Call signaling values
Understanding the channel configuration parameters
Specifying how the channel will be used
Associating the channel with a slot/port in the MAX
Assigning the channel to a trunk group
Example T1 configurations
Enabling the internal CSU for a T1 port.
Configuring a line for ISDN PRI service
Configuring robbed-bit signaling
Using NFAS signaling
Enabling a robbed-bit PBX with PRI access lines (PRI-to-T1 Conversion)
Assigning bandwidth to a nailed link
Performing T1 line diagnostics
Configuring E1 lines
Understanding the line interface parameters
E1 signaling mode
Carrier switch type
E1 framing
Specifying digits received on an incoming R2 call
Group signaling
Required settings when you configure the switch for DASS 2 or DPNSS
Clock source for synchronous transmission
Understanding the channel configuration parameters
Specifying how to use the channel
Phone number assignments
Associating the channel with a slot/port in the MAX
Assigning the channel to a trunk group
Example E1 configurations
Using ISDN signaling
Using DPNSS signaling
Setting up a nailed connection
Performing E1 line diagnostics
ISDN call information
Configuring the serial WAN port
Understanding the serial WAN parameters
Assigning a group number to the serial WAN bandwidth
Signals to control the serial WAN data flow
Example serial WAN configuration
Configuring digital modems
56k Modem Numbering
8-MOD modem numbering
12-MOD modem numbering
Understanding the digital modem parameters
Example configuration
Quiescing digital modems and returning them to service
Configuring V.110 modems
Understanding the V.110 modem parameters
Example V.110 configuration
Configuring Personal Handy Phone Service
Configuring ISDN BRI network cards
Understanding the Net BRI parameters
Assigning a profile name
Carrier switch type and how it operates
BRI Analog Encode
Link Type
Using the BRI line for switched or nailed connections
Associating the channel with a slot/port in the MAX
Assigning the channel to a trunk group
Phone number and SPID (Service Profile Identifier) assignments
Example Net BRI configurations
Configuring incoming switched connections
Configuring the Net BRI line for outbound calls
Displaying information about BRI calls
Configuring Host BRI lines
Understanding the Host BRI parameters
Assigning a profile name
Enabling the line
Specifying how the terminating equipment sends and receives calls
Routing calls to the terminating equipment on the Host BRI line
Example Host BRI configurations
Routing inbound calls to the terminating device
Enabling the device to make outbound calls
Configuring a local BRI-to-BRI call
Configuring BRI/LT lines
Understanding the BRI/LT parameters
Assigning a profile name
Enabling the line
Specifying how the terminating equipment sends and receives calls
Using the BRI line for switched or nailed connections
Associating the channel with a slot/port in the MAX
Assigning the channel to a trunk group
Phone number and SPID (Service Profile Identifier) assignments
Routing calls to the terminating equipment on the BRI/LT line
Example BRI/LT configuration
BRI/LT diagnostics
Configuring IDSL voice call support
Configuring the MAX IDSL card for outgoing voice calls
Configuring the MAX IDSL card for incoming voice calls
Configuring a MAX for outgoing voice calls over IDSL
Performing loopback diagnostics for IDSL
Configuring Host/6 (Host/Dual) AIM ports
Configuring the AIM port
Understanding the Port profile parameters
Specifying the dial plan
Routing inbound calls to the codec
What happens when you turn on the power
How the codec dials out
How the codec answers calls
Clearing calls on this port
Host session authentication
Clocking data from the codec
Setting an escape character for RS-366 dialing
Preventing timeouts while waiting for a carrier detect signal
Controlling port usage
Example Port profile configuration
Performing port diagnostics
Configuring the host interface
Understanding the host interface parameters
Pairing ports for dual-port calls
Restricting access to the AIM port from the Palmtop Controller
Enabling dual-port calls
Configuring WAN connections between serial hosts
Understanding the Call profile parameters
Dialing out to the remote codec
Defining the type of connection and how to manage bandwidth.
Bandwidth issues
What the MAX does when it cannot establish a base channels of a connection
Telco options
Supporting configuration for certain call types or management methods
Dynamic bandwidth allocation issues
Host session authentication
Example AIM call configuration
Example FT1-B&O call configuration
Configuring a single-channel call
Configuring a two-channel dual-port call
Call routing
Routing inbound calls
Setting up ISDN subaddressing
Specifying answer numbers for destination host ports
Specifying host ports' slot and port numbers in WAN channel configurations
Exclusive port routing
Setting up ISDN subaddressing
Specifying answer numbers for destination host ports
Slot and port specifications
Exclusive port routing
Incoming call routing state diagram
Routing outbound calls
Enabling trunk groups
Dialing using trunk group 2 (local port-to-port calls)
Dialing using trunk group 3 (Destination profiles)
Dialing using trunk groups 4 through 9
Dialing using the extended dial plan
Matching slot and port specifications (reserved channels)
Enabling trunk groups
Dialing using trunk group 2 (local port-to-port calls)
Dialing using trunk group 3 (Destination profiles)
Dialing using trunk groups 4 through 9
Dialing using the extended dial plan
Slot and port specifications (reserved channels)

Chapter 3 Configuring WAN Links

Introduction to WAN links
The Answer profile
Understanding the Answer profile parameters
Use Answer profile settings as the defaults for externally authenticated calls
Forcing 56k data service
Requiring a configured profile to answer a call
Called number and caller-ID authentication
Enabling types of encapsulation
IP options
Setting encapsulation-specific options
X.75 options
Session options
DHCP options
Example Answer profile configuration
Connection profiles
Understanding Connection profile parameters
The remote device's station name
ISDN call information
The dial number
The called number
The calling number
Encaps and encaps options
Routing configurations
Connection profile Session options
Applying data or call filters to a session
Timing inactive sessions
Setting a maximum call duration
Allowing bandwidth to be preempted
Specifying a backup connection when a nailed connection fails
IP direct connections
Frame Relay redirect connections
Call blocking
Connection profile telco options
Enabling both dial-in and dial-out on this connection
Setting callback security
Nailed, switched, and other call types
Data service
Billing numbers
Dialout OK
Connection profile accounting options
Accounting type
Accounting host and port
Accounting timeout and key
Accounting ID base
Connection profile DHCP options
Reply Enabled
Pool Number
Max Leases
Name-Password profiles
Understanding the Name-password profile parameters
Template connection
Example Name-Password profile configuration
Configuring PPP connections
Configuring single-channel PPP connections
Understanding the PPP parameters
Enabling routing and bridging in the Answer profile
Authentication method used for passwords received from the far end
Authentication method used for passwords sent to the far end
Passwords to send to and receive from the far end
Maximum receive units (MRU)
Link quality monitoring (LQM)
Link and header compression
CBCP Enable
CBCP Trunk Group
Example PPP connection
Enabling PPP outdial for v.110 modems
Configuring MP and BACP connections
Understanding the MP and BACP parameters
MP without BACP
Enabling BACP for MP connections
Specifying channel counts
Dynamic algorithm for calculating bandwidth requirements
Time period for calculating average line utilization
Comparing the average utilization to a target utilization
How long the condition should persist before adding or dropping links
Guidelines for configuring bandwidth criteria
Example MP connection without BACP
Example MP connection with BACP
Configuring Ascend MP+ connections
Understanding the MP+ parameters
Channel counts and bandwidth allocation parameters
Sending an auxiliary password for added channels
Monitoring traffic in one or both directions
Idle percent
Example MP+ configuration
Configuring a nailed MP+ connection
Spanning multilink or MP+ calls across multiple MAX units
How MP/MP+ call spanning works
Bundle ownership
Connection profiles not shared within a stack
Phone numbers for new MP+ and MP-with-BACP channels
Performance considerations for MAX stacking
Suggested LAN configurations
Suggested hunt group configurations
Understanding the stack parameters
Stacking Enabled
Stack Name
UDP Port
Configuring a MAX stack
Disabling a MAX stack
Adding and removing a MAX
Configuring a Combinet connection
Understanding Combinet bridging parameters
Specifying the hardware address of the remote Combinet bridge
Enabling bridging
Requiring a password from the remote bridge
Specifying passwords to exchange with the remote bridge
Configuring line-integrity monitoring
Base channel count
Example Combinet configuration
Configuring EU connections
Understanding the EU parameters
MRU (Maximum Receive Units)
DCE (data communications equipment) address
DTE (data terminal equipment) address
Example EU configurations
Example EU-UI connection
Configuring an ARA connection
Understanding the ARA parameters
AppleTalk and zone name
Turning off ARA Guest access
A password required from ARA clients
Setting the maximum number of minutes for an ARA session
Example ARA configuration that allows IP access
Dial-in PPP support for AppleTalk
Configuring dial-in PPP for AppleTalk
Configuring an AppleTalk PPP connection using a Connection profile
Configuring an AppleTalk PPP connection using a Name/Password profile
Configuring AppleTalk connections from RADIUS
Configuring terminal server connections
Connection authentication issues
Modem connections
V.120 terminal adapter connections
TCP-clear connections
Username Login
TCP Modem connections (DNIS Login)
Enabling terminal server calls and setting security
Understanding modem parameters
Digital modem error control
Setting a maximum baud rate
Specifying the default modem transmit level
Attempting cellular connections first
7-bit even parity
Support for specialized applications on modem connections
Example modem configuration
Configuring terminal mode
Understanding the terminal mode parameters
Controlling how the screen appears to users while the connection is set up
Setting the terminal mode password
Setting the login banner and prompts
Specifying the command-line prompt
Another login prompt for RADIUS-authenticated logins
Affecting Telnet and Rlogin session defaults
Displaying a message when informing users of their address
Specifying a login timeout
Example terminal mode configuration
Configuring immediate mode
Understanding the immediate mode parameters
Specifying the type of immediate service
The host and the port on which the connection is made
Example immediate mode configuration
Configuring menu mode
Understanding the menu mode parameters
Specifying menu mode as the initial interface
Obtaining the menu from RADIUS
Specifying the hostnames and addresses of up to four Telnet hosts
Example menu mode configuration
Configuring PPP mode
Understanding the PPP mode parameters
Enabling PPP mode
PPP delay
PPP direct
The message informing users they are in PPP mode
Example PPP configuration
Configuring SLIP mode
Understanding the SLIP mode parameters
Enabling SLIP (Serial Line IP) sessions
Allowing users to obtain an IP address from a BOOTP server
IP Netmask Msg
IP Gateway Adrs Msg
Example SLIP configuration
Configuring dialout options
Understanding the dialout parameters
Enabling dialout
Enabling direct access dialout
How the modem dialout works
How immediate modem works
Example dialout configuration

Chapter 4 Configuring Frame Relay

Using the MAX as a Frame Relay concentrator
Kinds of physical network interfaces
Kinds of logical interfaces to a Frame Relay switch
Network to Network Interface (NNI)
User to Network Interface-Data Communications Equipment (UNI-DCE)
User to Network Interface-Data Terminal Equipment (UNI-DTE)
Types of Frame Relay connections
Gateway connections
Frame Relay circuits
Redirect connections (rarely used)
Configuring the logical link to a Frame Relay switch
Understanding the Frame Relay parameters
Specifying a profile name and activating the profile
Bringing down the datalink when DLCIs are not active
Defining the nailed connection to the switch
Specifying the type of Frame Relay interface
Link management protocol
Frame Relay timers and event counts
MRU (Maximum Receive Units)
Example Frame Relay profile configurations
Configuring an NNI interface
Configuring a UNI-DCE interface
Configuring a UNI-DTE interface
Configuring Connection profiles for Frame Relay
Understanding the Frame Relay connection parameters
Gateway connections (Encaps=FR)
Frame Relay circuits (Encaps=FR_CIR)
Redirect connections (FR Direct=Yes)
Example connection configurations
Configuring a Frame Relay gateway connection
Configuring a Frame Relay circuit
Configuring a redirect connection
Monitoring Frame Relay connections
Displaying Frame Relay statistics
Displaying link management information
Displaying DLCI status
Displaying circuit information
Turning off a circuit without disabling its endpoints

Chapter 5 AppleTalk Routing

Introduction to AppleTalk routing
When to use AppleTalk routing
Reducing broadcast and multicast traffic
Providing dynamic startup information to local devices
Understanding AppleTalk zones and network ranges
AppleTalk zones
Extended and non-extended AppleTalk networks
How AppleTalk works
How AppleTalk works
Configuring AppleTalk routing
System-level AppleTalk routing parameters
Answer profile parameter
Per-connection AppleTalk routing parameters
Configuring an AppleTalk connection with RADIUS
Additional information about AppleTalk

Chapter 6 Configuring X.25

Introduction to Ascend X.25 implementation
Configuring the logical link to a X.25 switch
Understanding the X.25 parameters
Profile name and activation
Physical connection type
LAPB and reliable data transfer
X.25 packet handling
X.25 PVC and SVC numbers
X.25 diagnostic fields in packet types
X.25 options
X.25 reverse charge accept
X.25 network type
Controlling Restart-Requests
Controlling Call-Requests
Controlling Reset-Requests
Controlling Clear-Requests
X.121 source address is MAX source address for logical links using this profile.
Setting the VCE (Virtual Call Establishment) timer value
Example X.25 profile configuration
Configuring X.25 IP connections
Understanding the X.25 IP connection parameters
X.25 profile name
LCN (logical channel number) number
Encapsulation type
X.25 reverse charge
CUG Index
Maximum number of unsuccessful calls
Inactivity timer
Call mode
Answer X.121 address
Remote X.121 address
IP configuration parameters
Example X.25 IP configuration
Configuring X.25 PAD connections
Understanding the X.25 PAD connection parameters
X.25 profile name
Receive password
LCN (logical channel number) number
X.3 parameter profile
Maximum number of unsuccessful calls
VC (Virtual Call Establishment) timer enabled
Auto-call to an X.121 address
X.25 reverse charge
X.3 Custom
Example X.25 PAD configuration
Setting up X.25 PAD sessions
X.3 parameters and profiles
X.25 PAD commands
Commands for working with X.3 parameters and profiles
X.25 PAD commands for managing calls
PAD service signals
X.25 clear cause codes
X.25 diagnostic field values
Monitoring X.25 and PAD service
Displaying information about PAD sessions
Displaying information about X.25
Setting up ISDN D-channel X.25 support
Configuring ISDN D-channel X.25 support
Customized X.25 T3POS support
Protocol summary
Configuring a T3POS connection
Accessing the T3POS

Chapter 7 Defining Static Filters

Introduction to Ascend filters
Packet filters and firewalls
Ways to apply packet filters to an interface
Data filters for dropping or forwarding certain packets
Call filters for managing connections
How packet filters work
Defining packet filters
Understanding the packet filter parameters
Assigning a name to the Filter profile
Input and Output filters
Enabling a specific In or Out filter
Specifying a generic or IP filter type
Generic filter rules
Defining the action to take when a packet matches the filter
Specifying an offset to the bytes in a packet to be examined
Specifying the number of bytes to test
Masking the value before comparison
The value to match up in the packet contents
The type of comparison to be performed when matching the packet
Linking the filter to the next In filter or Out filter in sequence
IP filter rules
Defining what action to take when a packet matches the filter
Specifying which part of the source IP address to use for comparison
Filtering the packet's source IP address
Specifying which part of the destination IP address to use for comparison
Filtering on the packet's destination IP address
Filtering on the protocol number field in IP packets
Filtering on source port numbers
Filtering on destination port numbers
Filtering based only on established TCP sessions.
Example filter specifications
Defining a filter to drop AppleTalk broadcasts
Defining a filter to prevent IP address spoofing
Defining a filter for more complex IP security issues
Applying packet filters
Understanding how filters are applied
Example configurations applying filters
Applying a data filter in a Connection profile
Applying a call filter and resetting the idle timer
Applying a data filter to the Ethernet interface
Predefined filters
IP Call filter
NetWare Call filter
AppleTalk Call filter

Chapter 8 Configuring Packet Bridging

Introduction to Ascend bridging
Disadvantages of bridging
How a bridged WAN connection is initiated
Physical addresses and the bridge table
Broadcast addresses
How the MAX establishes a bridged connection
Enabling bridging
Managing the bridge table
Transparent bridging
Configuring bridged connections
Understanding the bridging parameters
Bridging in the Answer profile
Station name and password
Bridging and dial broadcast in a Connection profile
IPX bridging options
Names and passwords
Bridge profile parameters
Ethernet address
Network address
Connection number
Example bridged connection
IPX bridged configurations
Understanding the IPX bridging parameters
IPX frame type
Route IPX
How IPX bridged packets are handled
Netware t/o ("watchdog spoofing")
Example IPX client bridge (local clients)
Example IPX server bridge (local servers)
Configuring proxy mode on the MAX

Chapter 9 Configuring IPX Routing

Introduction to IPX routing
IPX Service Advertising Protocol (SAP) tables
IPX RIP (Routing Information Protocol) tables
Ascend extensions to standard IPX
IPX Route profiles
IPX SAP filters
WAN considerations for NetWare client software
Enabling IPX routing in the MAX
Understanding the global IPX parameters
Enabling IPX routing
Specifying which frame type to route and spoof
Setting or learning the proper IPX network number
Defining a virtual IPX network for dial-in clients
Example IPX routing configurations
A basic configuration using default values
A more complex example
Verifying the router configuration
Configuring IPX routing connections
Understanding the IPX connection parameters
Enabling IPX routing in the Answer profile
Authentication method used for passwords received from the far end
Applying IPX SAP filters
Specifying the station name and password in a Connection profile
Peer dialin for routing to NetWare clients
Controlling RIP and SAP transmissions across the WAN connection
Dial query for bringing up a connection based on service queries
IPX network and alias
IPX client or server bridging
Watchdog spoofing
SAP HS Proxy (NetWare SAP Home Server Proxy)
Example IPX routing connections
Configuring a dial-in client connection
Configuring a connection between two LANs
Configuring a connection with local servers only
Configuring the NetWare SAP Home Server Proxy
Creating static IPX routes
Configuring static IPX routes
Understanding the static route parameters
Example static route configuration
Creating and applying IPX SAP filters
Understanding the SAP filter parameters
Input and Output filters
Activating the current Input or Output filter
The type of action to take (include or exclude)
Specifying the name of a NetWare server
Specifying a service type
Applying SAP filters
Example IPX SAP filter configuration
Monitoring IPX connections
Verifying the transmission path to NetWare stations
Displaying IPX packet statistics
Displaying the IPX service table
Displaying the IPX routing table

Chapter 10 Configuring IP Routing

Introduction to IP routing and interfaces
IP addresses and subnet masks
Zero subnets
IP routes
How the MAX uses the routing table
Static and dynamic routes
Route preferences and metrics
MAX IP interfaces
Ethernet interfaces
WAN IP interfaces
Numbered interfaces
Configuring the local IP network setup
Understanding the IP network parameters
Primary IP address for each Ethernet interface
Second IP address for each Ethernet interface
Enabling RIP on the Ethernet interface
Ignoring the default route
Proxy ARP and inverse ARP
Specifying address pools
Forcing callers configured for a pool address to accept dynamic assignment
Summarizing host routes in routing table advertisements
Telnet password
Local domain name
DNS or WINS name servers
DNS lists
Client DNS
SNTP service
Specifying SNTP server addresses
UDP checksums
Example IP network configurations
Configuring the MAX IP interface on a subnet
Configuring DNS
New terminal server command changes
show commands
dnstab commands
Configuring the local DNS table
Criteria for valid names in the local DNS table
Entering IP addresses in the local DNS table
Editing the local DNS table
Deleting an entry from the local DNS table
Setting up address pools with route summarization
Configuring IP routing connections
Understanding the IP routing connection parameters
Enabling dynamic address assignment for answered calls
Enabling IP routing for WAN connections
Enabling IP routing for a WAN interface
Configuring the remote IP address
WAN alias
Specifying a local IP interface address
Assigning metrics and preferences
Private routes
Assigning the IP address dynamically
IP direct configuration
Configuring RIP on this interface
Checking remote host requirements
Window or OS/2 software
Macintosh software
Software configuration
Examples IP routing connections
Configuring dynamic address assignment to a dial-in host
Configuring a host connection with a static address
Configuring an IP Direct connection
Configuring a router-to-router connection
Configuring a router-to-router connection on a subnet
Configuring a numbered interface
Configuring IP routes and preferences
Understanding the static route parameters
Route names
Activating a route
Route's destination address
Route's gateway address
Metrics, costs, and preferences
Tagging routes learned from RIP
Type-1 or type-2 metrics for routes learned from RIP
Making a route private
Routes for Connection profile interfaces
A connected route for the Ethernet IP interface
Static route preferences
RIP and OSPF preferences
Tagging routes learned from RIP
Metrics for routes learned from RIP
Example static route configurations
Configuring the default route
Defining a static route to a remote subnet
Example route preferences configuration
Configuring the MAX for dynamic route updates
Understanding the dynamic routing parameters
RIP (Routing Information Protocol)
Ignoring the default route
RIP policy and RIP summary
Ignoring ICMP Redirects
Private routes
Examples of RIP and ICMP configurations
Managing IP routes and connections
Working with the IP routing table
Displaying the routing table
Adding an IP route
Deleting an IP route
Displaying route statistics
Pinging other IP hosts
Configuring Finger support
Displaying information
Displaying the ARP cache
Displaying ICMP packet statistics
Displaying interface statistics
Displaying IP statistics and addresses
Displaying UDP statistics and listen table
Displaying TCP statistics and connections
Displaying address pool status

Chapter 11 Configuring OSPF Routing

Introduction to OSPF
RIP limitations solved by OSPF
Ascend implementation of OSPF
OSPF features
Support for variable length subnet masks
Interior gateway protocol (IGP)
Exchange of routing information
Designated and backup designated routers
Configurable metrics
Hierarchical routing (areas)
Stub areas
Not So Stubby Areas (NSSAs)
The link-state routing algorithm
Configuring OSPF routing in the MAX
Understanding the OSPF routing parameters
Example configurations adding the MAX to an OSPF network
Configuring OSPF on the Ethernet interface
Configuring OSPF across the WAN
Configuring a WAN link that does not support OSPF
Administering OSPF
Working with the routing table
Multipath routing
Third-party routing
How OSPF adds RIP routes
Route preferences
Monitoring OSPF
Viewing OSPF errors
Viewing OSPF areas
Viewing OSPF general info
Viewing the OSPF link-state database
Viewing OSPF link-state advertisements
Viewing OSPF neighbors
Viewing the OSPF routing table
Viewing OSPF protocol i/o

Chapter 12 Setting Up IP Multicast Forwarding

Configuring multicast forwarding
Understanding the multicast parameters
Enabling multicast forwarding
Setting the Membership Timeout value
Specifying the MBONE interface
Monitoring the multicast heartbeat
Configuring multicast forwarding on a client interface
An implicit priority setting for dropping multicast packets
Multicast interfaces
Forwarding from a MBONE router on Ethernet
Forwarding from a MBONE router on a WAN link
Configuring the MAX for to respond to multicast clients
Configuring the MBONE interface
Configuring multicasting on WAN interfaces
Administering multicast interfaces
Displaying the multicast forwarding table
Listing multicast clients
Displaying multicast activity

Chapter 13 Setting Up Virtual Private Networks

Introduction to virtual private networks
Configuring ATMP tunnels
How the MAX creates ATMP tunnels
Router and gateway mode
Configuring the foreign agent
Understanding the foreign agent parameters and attributes
Example foreign agent configuration (IP)
Example foreign agent configuration (IPX)
Configuring a home agent in router mode
Understanding the ATMP router mode parameters
ATMP mode and type
SAP Reply
UDP port
IP configuration and Connection profile
Notes about routing to the mobile node
Example home agent in router mode (IP)
Example home agent in router mode (IPX)
Configuring a home agent in gateway mode
Understanding the ATMP gateway mode parameters
ATMP mode and type
SAP Reply
UDP port
IP configuration and Connection profile
Connection profile to the home network
Example home agent in gateway mode (IP)
Example home agent in gateway mode (IPX)
Configuring the MAX as an ATMP multi-mode agent
Supporting mobile node routers (IP only)
ATMP connections that bypass a foreign agent
Configuring PPTP tunnels for dial-in clients
How the MAX works as a PAC
Understanding the PPTP PAC parameters
Enabling PPTP
Specifying a PRI line for PPTP calls and the PNS IP address
Example PAC configuration
Example PPTP tunnel across multiple POPs
Routing a terminal-server session to a PPTP server
Configuring L2TP tunnels for dial-in clients
Configuring L2TP tunneling
How the MAX creates L2TP tunnels
LAC and LNS mode
Configuring the MAX as an LAC
Understanding the L2TP LAC parameters
Configuring the MAX as an LAC
Configuring the MAX as an LNS

Chapter 14 MAX System Administration

Introduction to MAX administration
Where to find additional administrative information
Activating administrative permissions
System and Ethernet profile configurations
Understanding the administrative parameters
The system name
Specifying who to contact about problems and the location of the unit
Setting the system date and time
Console and term rate
Allowing remote management
Dial-in and dial-out parameters
Logging out the console port
DS0 minimum and maximum resets
Setting a high-bit-error alarm
Setting an alarm when no trunks are available
Customizing the vt100 interface
Interacting with the syslog daemon to save ASCII log files
Responding to Finger requests (RFC 1288)
Example administrative configurations
Setting basic system parameters
Configuring the MAX to interact with syslog
Configuring Finger support
Terminal server commands
Displaying terminal-server commands
Returning to the vt100 menus
Commands for monitoring networks
Commands for use by terminal-server users
SLIP, CSLIP, and PPP commands
Menu command
Specifying Telnet hosts
Specifying raw TCP hosts
Telnet command
Rlogin command
TCP command
Open, Resume, and Close commands
Administrative commands
Test command
Remote command
Set command
Show command
Kill command
Dirdo commands to support Deutsche Telekom's ZGR
SNMP administration support
Configuring SNMP access security
Understanding the SNMP options
Example SNMP security configuration
Setting SNMP traps
Understanding the SNMP trap parameters
Example SNMP trap configuration
Ascend enterprise traps
Alarm events
Port state change events
Security events
Supported MIBs

Appendix A Troubleshooting

MAX front panel
MAX back panel
ISDN cause codes
Common problems and their solutions
General problems
Calls fail between AIM ports
DO menus do not allow most operations
POST takes more than 30 seconds to complete
Configuration problems
The MAX cannot dial out on a T1 or E1 line
Some channels do not connect
Data is corrupted on some international calls
Only the base channel connects
No Channel Avail error message
Restored configuration has incorrect RADIUS parameters
Hardware configuration problems
Cannot access the vt100
FAULT LED is off but no menus are displayed
Random characters appear in the vt100 interface
A power-on self test fails
AIM port interface problems
The MAX reports data errors on all calls
Calls cannot be made, answered, or cleared using control leads
The codec indicates that there is no connection
The codec does not receive data
The codec cannot establish a call when DTR is active
Calls initiated by control-lead toggling are cleared too soon
The codec cannot clear a call
ISDN PRI and BRI interface problems
Calls are not dialed or answered reliably
The Net/BRI lines do not dial or answer calls
No Logical Link status
WAN calling errors occur in outbound Net/BRI calls
ISDN PRI and BRI circuit-quality problems
Excessive data errors on calls to AIM ports
Excessive handshaking on calls to AIM ports
Inbound data is scrambled during an AIM Static call
Problems indicated in LEDs
LEDs are not lit for the secondary E1 or T1 line
The E1 or T1 line is in a Red Alarm state
A PRI line is in use and the ALARM LED blinks
Problems accessing the WAN
Only some channels are dialed for AIM or BONDING calls
The MAX never uses some channels
An outgoing call using fails to connect to the remote end
Incoming call routing problems
Call status drops back to IDLE
Dual-port call status drops back to IDLE
AIM or BONDING call status drops back to IDLE
Bridge/router problems
The link is of uncertain quality
The MAX hangs up after answering an IP call

Appendix B Upgrading System Software

Upgrading system software
Definitions and terms
Guidelines for upgrading system software
Before you begin
Upgrading system software
Using TFTP to upgrade to a standard load
Using TFTP to upgrade to a fat or thin load
Recovering from a failed fat load upgrade
Upgrading software with an extended load
Upgrading software from versions earlier than 4.6C to version 5.0A or above
Using the serial port to upgrade to a standard or a thin load
System messages




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